interactive GDPR 2016/0679 EN


2016/0679 EN jump to: Art. 4 . Output generated live by software developed by IusOnDemand srl

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Article 4


For the purposes of this Regulation:


personal_datameans any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person;


processingmeans any operation or set of operations which is performed on personal_data or on sets of personal_data, whether or not by automated means, such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction;


‘restriction of processingmeans the marking of stored personal_data with the aim of limiting their processing in the future;


profilingmeans any form of automated processing of personal_data consisting of the use of personal_data to evaluate certain personal aspects relating to a natural person, in particular to analyse or predict aspects concerning that natural person's performance at work, economic situation, health, personal preferences, interests, reliability, behaviour, location or movements;


pseudonymisationmeans the processing of personal_data in such a manner that the personal_data can no longer be attributed to a specific data subject without the use of additional information, provided that such additional information is kept separately and is subject to technical and organisational measures to ensure that the personal_data are not attributed to an identified or identifiable natural person;


filing_systemmeans any structured set of personal_data which are accessible according to specific criteria, whether centralised, decentralised or dispersed on a functional or geographical basis;


controllermeans the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal_data; where the purposes and means of such processing are determined by Union or Member State law, the controller or the specific criteria for its nomination may be provided for by Union or Member State law;


processormeans a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which processes personal_data on behalf of the controller;


recipientmeans a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or another body, to which the personal_data are disclosed, whether a third_party or not. However, public authorities which may receive personal_data in the framework of a particular inquiry in accordance with Union or Member State law shall not be regarded as recipients; the processing of those data by those public authorities shall be in compliance with the applicable data protection rules according to the purposes of the processing;


third_partymeans a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or body other than the data subject, controller, processor and persons who, under the direct authority of the controller or processor, are authorised to process personal_data;


consent’ of the data subject means any freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the data subject's wishes by which he or she, by a statement or by a clear affirmative action, signifies agreement to the processing of personal_data relating to him or her;


personal_data breach’ means a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal_data transmitted, stored or otherwise processed;


genetic_datameans personal_data relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of a natural person which give unique information about the physiology or the health of that natural person and which result, in particular, from an analysis of a biological sample from the natural person in question;


biometric_datameans personal_data resulting from specific technical processing relating to the physical, physiological or behavioural characteristics of a natural person, which allow or confirm the unique identification of that natural person, such as facial images or dactyloscopic data;


data_concerning_healthmeans personal_data related to the physical or mental health of a natural person, including the provision of health care services, which reveal information about his or her health status;




as regards a controller with establishments in more than one Member State, the place of its central administration in the Union, unless the decisions on the purposes and means of the processing of personal_data are taken in another establishment of the controller in the Union and the latter establishment has the power to have such decisions implemented, in which case the establishment having taken such decisions is to be considered to be the main_establishment;


as regards a processor with establishments in more than one Member State, the place of its central administration in the Union, or, if the processor has no central administration in the Union, the establishment of the processor in the Union where the main processing activities in the context of the activities of an establishment of the processor take place to the extent that the processor is subject to specific obligations under this Regulation;


representativemeans a natural or legal person established in the Union who, designated by the controller or processor in writing pursuant to Article 27, represents the controller or processor with regard to their respective obligations under this Regulation;


enterprisemeans a natural or legal person engaged in an economic activity, irrespective of its legal form, including partnerships or associations regularly engaged in an economic activity;


group_of_undertakingsmeans a controlling undertaking and its controlled undertakings;


binding_corporate_rulesmeans personal_data protection policies which are adhered to by a controller or processor established on the territory of a Member State for transfers or a set of transfers of personal_data to a controller or processor in one or more third countries within a group_of_undertakings, or group of enterprises engaged in a joint economic activity;


supervisory_authoritymeans an independent public authority which is established by a Member State pursuant to Article 51;


supervisory_authority concerned’ means a supervisory_authority which is concerned by the processing of personal_data because:


the controller or processor is established on the territory of the Member State of that supervisory_authority;


data subjects residing in the Member State of that supervisory_authority are substantially affected or likely to be substantially affected by the processing; or


a complaint has been lodged with that supervisory_authority;


‘cross-border processingmeans either:


processing of personal_data which takes place in the context of the activities of establishments in more than one Member State of a controller or processor in the Union where the controller or processor is established in more than one Member State; or


processing of personal_data which takes place in the context of the activities of a single establishment of a controller or processor in the Union but which substantially affects or is likely to substantially affect data subjects in more than one Member State.


relevant_and_reasoned_objectionmeans an objection to a draft decision as to whether there is an infringement of this Regulation, or whether envisaged action in relation to the controller or processor complies with this Regulation, which clearly demonstrates the significance of the risks posed by the draft decision as regards the fundamental rights and freedoms of data subjects and, where applicable, the free flow of personal_data within the Union;


information_society_servicemeans a service as defined in point (b) of Article 1(1) of Directive (EU) 2015/1535 of the European Parliament and of the Council (19);


international_organisationmeans an organisation and its subordinate bodies governed by public international law, or any other body which is set up by, or on the basis of, an agreement between two or more countries.




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